The ovaries and uterus are the major reproductive organs of a woman. Every month an egg is released from the ovary which is necessary for the process of fertilization. Embryo development takes place in the uterus. If a woman wants to become a mother, then both these parts are necessary.
Some women have a lot of discomfort during their menstrual cycle. In such a situation, women (who have become mothers) decide to have the uterus or ovaries removed. Apart from this, there are many other reasons which compel the woman to take this step. Such as uterine cancer, fibroids, endometriosis, etc.
Testing before removal of uterus and ovaries
Some tests will be done before surgery. The tests itself determine which procedure the surgeon will choose to remove the uterus. These are the tests:
How are the uterus and ovaries removed?
The surgery done to remove the uterus is called hysterectomy. Apart from the uterus, with the help of this surgery, the fallopian tubes, cervix and ovaries can also be removed.
Hysterectomy can be done through the abdomen or vagina. It has two main procedures – laparoscopic and robotic (with the help of robotic tools). Surgeons usually choose the procedure, but the procedure is directly related to the side effects that occur after the removal of the uterus.
The main surgical procedure performed to remove the ovaries is called oophorectomy.
Read – How is a hysterectomy done? – Know the whole method
Side Effects of Uterus Removal
Uterine removal can have the following side effects:
physical side effects
During the recovery period, the woman may notice vaginal bleeding. However, it lasts for about 5 to 7 days. During this, women can use sanitary pads.
swelling and irritation
Swelling and burning may occur in the pelvic area or near the incision after uterine removal surgery. In some women, itching, numbness, and redness of the skin around the stitch may occur.
Even if the ovary is not removed, the woman enters the menopause soon after the uterus is removed. If the uterus has just been removed from the body and the ovaries are released, the period cycle continues. The woman does not bleed, but symptoms of premenstrual syndrome may be seen.
pelvic organ prolapse
Organs in the pelvic region may move from their place after uterine removal surgery. The risk of pelvic organ prolapse is about 1% for three years after surgery. The risk of vaginal prolapse is high.
effect of anesthesia
Anesthesia that lasts after surgery can cause dizziness, chills, tremors, itching, headache, and problems urinating.
pelvic floor dysfunction
Injury to the sphincter muscle during the surgical procedure to remove the uterus can lead to pelvic floor dysfunction. Women can lose control of their pelvic muscles, which can lead to constipation, straining and pain during bowel movements, and intestinal infections. This is a long term side effect of hysterectomy.
emotional side effects
The uterus plays a major role in every woman becoming a mother. Withdrawal of uterus means you can never become a mother after this.
After this your periods will also stop. It may excite you a bit, but at one end your motherhood ends which creates a sad feeling within you. This can lead you to depression.
If the woman has become a mother and is happy, she may not have any emotional pain after the surgery. If you are young, and you are yet to enjoy the happiness of the mother, then you must think before removing the uterus unnecessarily.
Ovarian removal side effects
Ovarian removal can have the following side effects:
If your bleeding doesn’t stop after your ovaries are removed, you may need a blood transfusion.
Infection can persist for weeks after ovary removal surgery. This can cause high fever, swelling and pain near the incision.
Sometimes the muscles near the affected area become weak and the risk of hernia increases.
damage to pelvic organs
The woman’s bladder or intestine can be damaged. As a result there may be difficulty in urination and bowel movements. Although it occurs in very few people.
If both ovaries are removed, the woman cannot reproduce normally. A woman has to resort to advanced reproductive technology to get pregnant.
There is an increased risk of cardiovascular disease after a oviduct procedure. It can also lead to heart disease.
After both the uterus and ovaries are removed, a woman may experience vaginal dryness, hot flashes, night sweats, and insomnia. It is also a symptom of the onset of menopause.
Should reproductive organs be removed?
Every month, some women decide to have their reproductive organs removed due to the pain of the menstrual cycle and the worry of pregnancy. You should know that these are all natural symptoms and the reproductive organs should not be removed for fear of them.
However, it becomes necessary in certain circumstances, such as:
- cancer of the uterus or cervix
- abnormal bleeding
- uterine prolapse
- unbearable pain in the pelvic area
- ovarian cancer
- pelvic inflammatory disease
- Tumors (causing cancer risk)
- ovarian cyst
Pristyn Care Hospital is present in over 30 cities where experienced Gynecologists can help you with this matter. Your condition will be fully diagnosed and based on the conclusion of the diagnosis, advice will be given to have the reproductive organs removed or not.
Conclusion You should take the decision to remove the reproductive organs (ovaries and uterus) after consulting a doctor. If you suffer from problems like uterine cancer, fibroids or endometriosis, which are life-threatening, it is better to have them removed. Uterine cancer can be aggressive and spread rapidly to nearby organs. Therefore, it is necessary to treat it early.